Located in central Europe, borders Denmark, Poland , Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands.
Population of 83 million
Germany is a federal state of 16 constituent states (Lander), each state has a capital which are Stuttgart, Munich, Berlin, Potsdam, Bremen, Hamburg, Wiesbaden, Schwein, Hanover, Düsseldorf, Mainz, Saarbrücken, Dresden, Magdeburg, Kiel, Erfurt. The capital city is Berlin. Major airports include Frankfurt and Munich. The largest cities are Berlin (3.6m pop), Hamburg (1.8m pop), Munich (1.4m pop), Cologne (1m pop), Frankfurt (753k), Sttutgart (634k), Dusseldorf, Leipzig, Dortmund and Essen.
The international dialling code is +49
The German flag consists of three equal horizontal bands of colour, black on top with red below it and yellow at the bottom.